The format of screenplays has been quite standard from ancient times, only a few differs. When you write a screenplay, you are taking the reader on a journey, Your audience should know where they would be going, but don't know how or what barriers and challanges they will encounter or who would they meet during the journey.
A protagonist (from the Greek protagonists, is the "one who plays the first part, chief actor") is the main character of the story, around whom the events the plot revolves. In simple hero of the story. When the story contain subplots, there may have different protagonists from the main plot.
Ex. Othello in Othello or Romeo and Juliet in the Romeo and Juliet.
In some stories, the protagonists may be impossible to identify, because multiple plots that do not permit clear identification of one as the main plot, such as Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace, depicting 15 major characters involved in or affected by a war.
Protagonist involves in the story in two aspects or story lines. One story line deals with character’s inner motivation. The other story line deals with his or her inner motivations. The inner and outer stories blend through the conflict and theme of the story.
The outer motivation is about the protagonist's outward goal. What he or she trying achieve? Outer Motivation as the specific, visible goal a character wants to achieve by the end of a story. This goal must be realistic with physical action. The action need not be high energy and be clear to the audience. The outer motivation is resolved when the protagonist succeeds or fails at achieving his goal.
The outer motivation is revolves around physical action, providing good entertainment value in the script. It helps moving the story forward by keeping the audience attached to the story and be interested in the outcome. The script could be quite boring to the audience without a strong outer motivation and there will be less momentum in the story.
In movie “Brave Heart”, Young William Wallace witness the murder of his father at the opening of Braveheart, his passion for freedom from England starts.
In “Best of the Best” Hero’s outer motivation is to win the championship fight.
The inner motivation is about the protagonist's inner needs like how people care about him. The inner motivation also can be ambition to become a hero. It becomes resolved when the hero recognizes and overcomes it.
In Brave Heart, Williams inner motivation is caused by experiences of the past, where his father was killed and his wife was merdered. The inner motivation is ultimately revolve around personal relationships
The principal opponent of the protagonist is the antagonist, who creates obstacles that the protagonist must overcome. There may be more than one antagonist in a story. The antagonist may be the story's hero, where the protagonist is a terrorist - for example, the antagonist could be a police officer, or vice versa. It’s up to the screen writer to define the roles in the story.
Motiff is a recurring element that have a symboloic significance, a color, sound, animal or a camera angle. In matrix trench coats and sun glasses, black and green marix code, gureen hues and Artificial Intelligence
Make a Schedule to Write
Have a Conflict
Nearly Impossible Goal
Develop a Theme
Create Plots and Sub Plots
Logical Sequence into a Resolution
Think like an ArcheologistWho, Why, What, How, When, Where?
Snap shot of Genere, Tone, setting, Mood, main chractors and
Conflicts and dont give away the ending. Its your marketing tool.
Story is a process, take one step at a time
Break the story into meaningfull scenes called beats- one sentence per scence.
Think screenplay writing as building of a house.
Call for adventure - a phone call can chage the life of the hero
Refusal of the call - Hero refuses due to Fear or Insecurity but eventually take the challange
Super Natural Aid - The guide and help appear
Crossing the turning point
Hero crosses the field of adventure, no turning back on the unknown world
Belly of the whale
Hero is seperated from his known world, faces conflicts and challanges
Roads of Trials
Series of Challanges , First is the smallest
Master of the two worlds
Hero knows new world, confident and competing fully
Freedom to Live
Hero has no fear, master of two worlds
A self-sacrifcing, hardship taking for someone else, his jouney is full of obstacles, gains wisdom as he moves
Mentor is a wise old man or a women
Tests the hero as he enters the new world and become an ally
Makes hero shaken and awaken to pursue his goal. The death of Willams wife in Brave Heart
Makes Hero off guard, in 300 the mutant spartan betrays King
The Negative of the hero, a villan
The comic relief
The great journey
Loss of innocence
Love conquers all
Revenge of the fallen
Life is a mistery
Betrayal,Fate, War, Courage, Beauty, Freedom, Jealousy, Lonliness, Loyalty, Suffering, Fear, Glory ..
Pick a theme you are passionate not someting that others will be fasionate about
Applied to create pressure and timeline. If A doesnt happen by B then resulting C will happen. A time bomb. If father dont pay the ransom, boy would be killed, RANSOM
Work with minimal charactors who are strong
Subplots are sub stories run along main story, they atlso have begining, middle and end and get linked to the main story
Information revealed in the story, trustworthy by audience, use more dialogs when possible
Placing information play off later in the story. A scar on face linked to a merdered DNA testing, blood samples
Rule of threes - Human tend to think threes, Begining, Middle and End in plots, sceanes and charactors. Create, Progress and release.
Three is a charm, Seven is anonther Charm (7 nights in Japan, Three Thousand Miles, Three Pigs)
Pay attention to good jokes
Scripts - Keep it Simple
so anyone can understand it
Reading Scripts are meant to read by actors, keep white space for notes
Seduce the reader with your style
Has scene numbers , shot numbers for cordination and production